I recently built a bookshelf for my great room after analyzing the design of various bookshelf projects on the internet. I settled on a simple interlocking board design and adapted the dimensions to fit my space.
The shelf is constructed from a total of 16 1×6 x 8ft select pine boards that were biscuited and edge glued together to make the 5 shelf boards and 3 uprights. The boards were glued together leaving a 3/4″ notch at the appropriate locations to allow the opposing boards to interlock, forming the shelf. Below are the cut dimensions for the pieces that were glued to the long board represented by the total length measurement. The 0.75″ measurements represent the gaps that were left to interlock with the perpendicular board.
Horizontal shelf board (5ea): Overhang: 12" Rail 1: 0.75" Shelf: 23" Rail 2: 0.75" Shelf: 23" Rail 3: 0.75" Overhang: 12" Total = 72.25"
Vertical shelf standard (3ea): Overhang: 12" Style 1: 0.75" Shelf 1: 16" Style 2: 0.75" Shelf 2: 16" Style 3: 0.75" Shelf 3: 16" Style 4: 0.75" Shelf 4: 16" Style 5: 0.75" Floor: 4" Total = 83.75"
In the picture below is one of the horizontal shelf boards with the biscuit slots cut, ready to be glued together.
You can never have enough clamps…
The finished boards up for a test fitting prior to painting. I cut 1″ off the front edge of the upright boards to give the shelf less of a boxy look. I also cut a notch at the bottom to allow the shelf to fit around the baseboard when flush with the wall.
The finished shelf with two coats of semi-gloss latex enamel paint.